The Arusha National Park is situated about 25 km east of Arusha and 58 km west of Moshi. The Arusha National Park is one of the smallest parks of Tanzania but one of most beautiful and topographically varied. It encompasses three varied zones: in the west the highland montane forest of Mount Meru, where black and white colobus and blue monkeys can be spotted; in the southeast the Ngurdoto crater, a small volcanic crater inhabited by a variety of mammals; in the northeast the Momela lakes, a series of seven alkaline crater lakes, habitat of a large number of water birds. The Arusha National Park was established in 1960. The film Hatari was made here in 1962 by Howard Hawks. The parks cover an area of 137 sq. km and rises from 1.524m at the Monela lake to 4.572m at the peak of Mount Meru. The Arusha National Park contains many animals including giraffe, elephant, hippo, buffalo, rhino, colobus monkey, bush buck, red forest duiker, reed buck, waterbuck and warthog. There are no lions in the park. Also a numerous number of birds are found in the park like: pelicans, ibis, flamingo, grebes, cormorants etc..